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Factors Responsible For The Failure Of Brakes In A Car

Jatin Jhamb

Car Expert, Editor at 91Wheels

11 Jan 2021

The failure of brakes happens if the component responsible is not paid enough attention to it. The loss of friction or a broken component are two main reasons behind the loss of the braking ability of a car. The failure of brakes in a car is one scary situation to come across.

However, this whole process of failure of brakes is one gradual process which happens if proper attention to the concerned component responsible for it is not paid. Following are the main causes responsible for the failure of brakes in a car:-

Overheating of brake pads

The excessive use of brake pedal in a particular cycle of use can lead to overheating of brake pads. If the brake pedal is used excessively, the brake pads lose their ability to form a grip on the wheel rotor disc, which can cause abnormal friction leading to overheating.

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Negligence and improper care
In most of the times, the brakes are used beyond their life cycle by the car owner. In such a condition, the brake pads do wear out completely, with very little or no life remaining them at all, thus resulting in brake failure.

Leakage of brake fluid
There might be a possibility of development of a crack or cut in the brake line, which may lead to leakage of brake fluid from that very spot. This can result in improper or lack of pressure which has to be transferred to the brake rotor through calipers.

Broken brake disc
If the brakes are used excessively or due to overheating, the brake disc might lose its sheen and develop a crack in them or can break from one segment. This results in wastage of brake force against the movement of the wheel.

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Driving through a watery surface

Factors Brakes Failure Image

When you drive your vehicle through a path which has water filled up to the level of the brake disc, the brake force might not reach the brake disc as the brake pads and disc get lubricated and slippery against the force applied on them. This reduces the friction responsible for stopping of the vehicle, and lead to brake failure if the vehicle is driven in such surfaces continuously.

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